APA Publication Manual, 6th ed.
Sample Reference List Citations
Download the APA handout here.
Journal article with DOI (digital object identifier)
Tan, H. K., Jones, G. V., & Watson, D. G. (2009). Encouraging the perceptual underdog: Positive affective priming of nonpreferred local-global processes. Emotion, 9(2), 238-247. doi:10.1037/a0014713
Journal article without DOI
Kiely, R., & Askham, J. (2012). Furnished imagination: The impact of preservice teacher training on early career work in TESOL. TESOL Quarterly, 46(3), 496-518.
Book (print) by a single author
Davies, D. (2010). Child development: A practitioner's guide (3rd ed.). New York, NY: The Guilford Press.
Book (print) by two or more authors
Babcock, R., Manning, K., Rogers, T., Goff, C., & Davies, A. (2012). A synthesis of qualitative studies of writing center tutoring, 1983-2006. New York, NY: Peter Lang.
Electronic version of print book
Newman, J. (2012). Best before: Videogames, supersession and obsolescence. [Ebook Library version]. Retrieved from http://www.ku.eblib.com
Stevens, K. (2008). The dreamer and the beast. Retrieved from http://www.onlineoriginals.com/showitem.asp?itemID=332
Edited book with an author or authors
Plath, S. (2000). The unabridged journals. K. V. Kukil (Ed.). New York, NY: Anchor.
Edited book with no author
Duncan, G. J., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (Eds.). (1997). Consequences of growing up poor. New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation.
Article or chapter in edited book
Vàsquez, M. A. (2013). Grappling with the legacy of modernity: Implications for the sociology of religion. In C. Bender, W. Cadge, P. Levitt, & D. Smidle (Eds.), Religion on the edge: De-centering and re-centering the sociology of religion (pp. 23-42). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Chapter in a volume in a series
Fairclough, N., & Wodak, R. (1997). Critical discourse analysis. In T. van Dijk (Ed.), Discourse studies: A multidisciplinary introduction: Vol. 2. Discourse as social interaction (pp. 258-284). London: Sage.
Article in a reference book
Tolchinsky, L. (2013). Childhood conceptions of literacy. In T. Nunes & P. Bryant (Eds.) Handbook of children's literacy (pp. 11-30). Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer.
An entry in an encyclopedia
Bergmann, P. G. (1993). Relativity. In The New Encyclopedia Britannica. (Vol. 26, pp. 501-508). Chicago, IL: Encyclopedia Britannica.
National Institute of Mental Health. (1990). Clinical training in serious mental illness (DHHS Publication No. ADM 90-1679). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
Verini, J. (2012, December). The tunnels of Gaza. National Geographic, 222(6), 673-674.
Hennigan, W. J. (2013, January 17). FAA grounds entire fleet of Boeing 787s; Flights are canceled as a range of electrical and power problems continue to plague the Dreamliner Jets. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved from https://www.cnn.com/2015/05/02/us/boeing-787-dreamliner-faa-directive/in....
Brigham, C., & Carter, C. (Producers), & Affleck, B. (Director). (2012). Argo [Motion picture]. United States: Time Warner.
[GEICO Insurance]. (2013, May 22). GEICO hump day camel commercial – happier than a camel on Wednesday [Video File]. Retrieved from http://youtu.be/kWBhP0EQ1lA
Episode from a TV series
Kemper, C. (Writer), & Flender, R. (Director). (2012). The whale [Television series episode]. In G. Daniels (Executive producer), The Office. New York: National Broadcasting Company.
Caird, J., Natel, J., Nunn, T., Boubil, A., Kretzmer, & H., Schonberg, C. (2012). On my own. [Recorded by Semantha Parks]. On Les Misèrables [CD]. New York, NY: Universal Republic Records.
National Eating Disorders Association [n.d.]. Contributing factors and prevention. Retrieved January 17, 2013, from https://www.nationaleatingdisorders.org/contributing-factors-prevention
Germano, W. (2013, January 17). Jack Lew’s signature [Web log post]. Retrieved from http://chronicle.com/blogs/linguafranca/2013/01/17/jack-lews-signature/
Interview or e-mail
Do not include these in the References; instead, cite these in the text:
(Z. Ramirez, personal communication, February 1, 2013).
Z. Ramirez, a witness for the prosecution, told me that she had seen the defendant approaching the stop sign (personal communication, February 1, 2013).