APA Publication Manual, 7th Edition Sample Reference List Citations
Note: In APA Style, you will need to use Hanging Indentations for your references list. We recommend this APA Formatting Guide to help with your paper formatting needs.
Journal article with DOI (digital object identifier)
Tan, H. K., Jones, G. V., & Watson, D. G. (2009). Encouraging the perceptual underdog: Positive affective priming of nonpreferred local-global processes. Emotion, 9(2), 238-247. doi:10.1037/a0014713
Journal article without DOI
Kiely, R., & Askham, J. (2012). Furnished imagination: The impact of preservice teacher training on early career work in TESOL. TESOL Quarterly, 46(3), 496-518.
Book (print) by a single author
Davies, D. (2010). Child development: A practitioner's guide (3rd ed.). The Guilford Press.
Book (print) by two or more authors
Babcock, R., Manning, K., Rogers, T., Goff, C., & Davies, A. (2012). A synthesis of qualitative studies of writing center tutoring, 1983-2006. Peter Lang.
Electronic version of print book
Newman, J. (2012). Best before: Videogames, supersession and obsolescence. [Ebook Library version]. http://www.ku.eblib.com
Stevens, K. (2008). The dreamer and the beast. http://www.onlineoriginals.com/showitem.asp?itemID=332
Edited book with an author or authors
Plath, S. (2000). The unabridged journals. K. V. Kukil (Ed.). Anchor.
Edited book with no author
Duncan, G. J., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (Eds.). (1997). Consequences of growing up poor. Russell Sage Foundation.
Article or chapter in edited book
Vàsquez, M. A. (2013). Grappling with the legacy of modernity: Implications for the sociology of religion. In C. Bender, W. Cadge, P. Levitt, & D. Smidle (Eds.), Religion on the edge: De-centering and re-centering the sociology of religion (pp. 23-42). Oxford University Press.
Chapter in a volume in a series
Fairclough, N., & Wodak, R. (1997). Critical discourse analysis. In T. van Dijk (Ed.), Discourse studies: A multidisciplinary introduction: Vol. 2. Discourse as social interaction (pp. 258-284). Sage.
Article in a reference book
Tolchinsky, L. (2013). Childhood conceptions of literacy. In T. Nunes & P. Bryant (Eds.) Handbook of children's literacy (pp. 11-30). Kluwer.
An entry in an encyclopedia
Bergmann, P. G. (1993). Relativity. In The New Encyclopedia Britannica. (Vol. 26, pp. 501-508).: Encyclopedia Britannica.
National Institute of Mental Health. (1990). Clinical training in serious mental illness (DHHS Publication No. ADM 90-1679). U.S. Government Printing Office.
Verini, J. (2012, December). The tunnels of Gaza. National Geographic, 222(6), 673-674.
Hennigan, W. J. (2013, January 17). FAA grounds entire fleet of Boeing 787s; Flights are canceled as a range of electrical and power problems continue to plague the Dreamliner Jets. Los Angeles Times. https://www.cnn.com/2015/05/02/us/boeing-787-dreamliner-faa-directive/in....
Brigham, C., & Carter, C. (Producers), & Affleck, B. (Director). (2012). Argo [Motion picture]. United States: Time Warner.
[GEICO Insurance]. (2013, May 22). GEICO hump day camel commercial – happier than a camel on Wednesday [Video File]. http://youtu.be/kWBhP0EQ1lA
Episode from a TV series
Kemper, C. (Writer), & Flender, R. (Director). (2012). The whale [Television series episode]. In G. Daniels (Executive producer), The Office. National Broadcasting Company.
Caird, J., Natel, J., Nunn, T., Boubil, A., Kretzmer, & H., Schonberg, C. (2012). On my own. [Recorded by Semantha Parks]. On Les Misèrables [CD]. Universal Republic Records.
National Eating Disorders Association [n.d.]. Contributing factors and prevention. January 17, 2013 https://www.nationaleatingdisorders.org/contributing-factors-prevention
Germano, W. (2013, January 17). Jack Lew’s signature [Web log post]. http://chronicle.com/blogs/linguafranca/2013/01/17/jack-lews-signature/
National Geographic [@NatGeo]. (2020, January 12). Scientists knew African grays are clever, but now they’ve been documented assisting other members of their species—even strangers [Tweet; thumbnail link to article]. Twitter. https://twitter.com/NatGeo/status/1216346352063537154
U.S. Department of the Interior. (2020, January 10). Like frosting on a cake, snow coats and clings to the hoodoos at Bryce Canyon National Park in Utah [Image attached] [Status update]. Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/USInterior/photos/a.155163054537384/2586475451406120/?type=3&theater
Interview or e-mail
Note: Do not include these in the References; instead, cite these in the text:
(Z. Ramirez, personal communication, February 1, 2013).
Z. Ramirez, a witness for the prosecution, told me that she had seen the defendant approaching the stop sign (personal communication, February 1, 2013).
For more examples of the new APA Publication Manual, see the Excelsior College Online Writing Lab's APA Style Section (Excelsior OWL).