The Writing Process

The writing process is something that no two people do the same way. There is no "right way" or "wrong way" to write. It can be a very messy and fluid process, and the following is only a representation of commonly used steps.

Steps of the Writing Process

Step 1: Pre-Writing

Think and Decide

Step 2: Research (if Needed) 


Step 3: Drafting


  • Put the information you researched into your own words. See Paraphrase and Summary
  • Write sentences and paragraphs even if they are not perfect.
  • Read what you have written and judge if it says what you mean. See Thesis Statements
  • Write some more. See Incorporating References
  • Read it again.
  • Write some more.
  • Read it again.
  • Write until you have said everything you want to say about the topic.

Step 4: Revising

Make it Better

  • Read what you have written again. See Revising Content and Revising Organization
  • Rearrange words, sentences or paragraphs.
  • Take out or add parts.
  • Do more research if you think you should.
  • Replace overused or unclear words.
  • Read your writing aloud to be sure it flows smoothly.

Step 5: Editing and Proofreading

Make it Correct